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Location/History
Nafplio is one of the most beautiful towns of Greece! Its nobility, rich history, architecture and natural beauty all contribute to Nafplio being a sought-after holiday destination!

It is an excellent base for discovering the beauties of Argolida ... even though it captivates visitors and makes it hard to leave! The quaint side streets that branch out from the paved main square and meander through the whole town.  The majestic buildings, museums and picturesque areas pulsating with the life of the town, all add up to make a unique combination of factors so that visitors never get bored. The visitor can never get enough of Nafplio and wants to discover it again and again during each visit!

The cultural legacy of the Argolida region is amazing, with 110 recognised archaeological sites and memorials of exceptional interest. Amongst the list of sites two stand out: the globally renowned archaeological sites of Mycenae and the Ancient Theatre of Epidavros.

Nafplio

Nafplio had an important role in all phases of Greek history ranging from ancient Greece up to the present day. In the Mycenaean period, the town was a strong naval state, with a walled and fortified area on the rock of Akronafplia that eventually fell into decay and was later abandoned. During the middle ages, it was dominated by Byzantium, by the Venetians and also by the French.  The Byzantines built the most recent walls on the rock of Akronafplia using the traces of the ancient Cyclopean walls as their base.  The Venetians and French finished the work and added the castles of Palamidi and Bourtzi.  The city, with its strong Venetian fortress and noble tradition was the heart of the Greek nation for a long time.

Capital of Peloponnese during the 16th and 17th centuries, Nafplio was also the first capital of the newly liberated Greek state, following the revolution of 1821.  The Military Museum occupies a magnificent neoclassical building, which was originally the first home of the Greek Military Academy.  The houses of Armansberg and Maourer, the first pharmacy in Greece (where Kapodistrias was embalmed), the mosque where the first meetings of the Greek Parliament took place and the Town Hall which occupies a beautiful neoclassical building dating from 1833 and which originally housed the first secondary school in modern Greece, are well worth a visit.

Bourtzi, the imposing Palamidi, the church of Saint Spyridon where Kapodistrias was killed and the Cathedral of Nafplio are some of the treasures which adorn this city and which are worth becoming acquainted with.  Don’t forget to visit the hill of Akronafplia (Its Kale), which was settled by humans from earliest times, and the “Greek Castle” and the “Castle of the Franks”.

Enjoy an outstanding visual ramble around Nafplio at www.nafplio-tour.gr/

Mycenae

Six miles north-east of the city of Argos,  perched on a hill, was the “abundantly rich in gold” city of Mycenae.  Founded by Perseus, it became the preferred residence of Pelops and his descendants and by the time of Agamemnon it was the most important city in Greece.

Today it lies very close to the modern town of Mycenae and not far from the national road which joins Corinth and Argos.  Majestic ancient Mycenae stands between the two gorges of Havou and Kokoretsas ready to receive the modern visitor and to initiate him into a magical world.

The unique “Lion’s Gate” and the first circular Tomb (which was the tomb used during the Mycenaean Period), the Mycenaean Palace with its adjacent apartments and many residences with their wealth of archeological finds.  The tomb Circle B with its total of 24 individual tombs, from which 14 kings, the famous treasure of Atreus (also known aas the Tomb of Agamemnon) and also a wealth of other buildings embrace the visitor and take him back thousands of years to the time when “the Gods walked the Earth” make the visit to Mycenae the visit of a lifetime.

Epidavros

This is a world-renowned archeological site set in a beautiful, green forested area.  It is situated 26.5 kilometres from Nafplio and belongs to the county of Ligourio. The archeological area comrises:

The Theatre

On the slopes of Kynortiou is preserved the best-known and best preserved amphitheatre of antiquity – the miracle of Epidavrus - as it was discovered. Built in the 4th century B.C., it has a round stage area with foundations, 12 tiers and 34 rows of seats which could accommodate an audience of 6,000.

During the Hellenistic period, the top tier was added, doubling the capacity of the theatre.  Today almost nothing remains of the buildings on the stage area with their Ionic columns. However, the theatre has lost nothing of its renowned acoustics.

The Sancturay of Ascelpius

On a pine-clad plain, well above the ancient harbour of Epidavrus, the remains were found of the most important sanctuary of Ascelpius, which flourished during the 5th and 4th centuries B.C.. A stroll through the surrounding areas of the archeological site, will enable the visitor to discover a wealth of architectural monuments, such as the Temple of Apollo Maleata, the Gymnasium which reminds one of the arena in Olympia with its huge internal courtyard and peristyle, while a little further afield there are the ruins of the Stoa of Kotyos and a small arena.